Santolina - Green

'Santolina viridis'

Dry

Non-edible. A perennial low growing plant reaching a height of 40cm. Frost hardy. Stunning lemon yellow flower display in summer with very compact dense foliage. Has very small green leaves.

Savory

'Satureja sp'

Dry

There are several types of savory including Winter and Summer. The Winter Savory is perennial but the Summer type is an annual plant which will die off at the end of summer. They prefer to be grown in the full sun in well-drained alkaline soil. Frost hardy. The Winter Savory grows to a height of 25cm and the Summer Savory reaches 30cm. Fresh leaves can be picked at any time for immediate use or for drying. Both have a peppery flavour, but the winter savory is more pungent. 

Culinary uses: Use in casseroles, marinades and dressings. It is also used in herb vinegars and butters.

 

Sorrel

'rumex scutatus'

Wet

A short-lived perennial reaching a height of 60cm. Frost hardy. It prefers moist, warm climates but grows in cooler regions and tolerates some dryness. Prefers a sun or semi-shade position in well-composted soil.

Culinary uses: Use the fresh young leaves, which have a lemony flavour, in salads, soups or with fish.

Medicinal uses:The leaves do contain oxalic acid which is fine in small amounts, but avoid if you have a history of kidney stones.

Spinach - Perpetual

'Beta vulgaris'

Fertilise

A short-lived perennial leafy plant growing to a height of 45cm. Frost hardy. Young leaves can be used in salads, stir fries and as steamed greens. Do not overcook. Harvest regularly to keep your plant growing strongly. High in Iron.

Stevia

'Stevia rebaudiana'

Fertilise

A perennial with very sweet foliage which grows to a height of 45cm. Needs to be protected from heavy frosts, although does die back in autumn. The leaves are 30 times sweeter than sugar and have no calories. It can be used in hot or cold drinks or as a sugar substitute in sweet dishes. A syrup can also be made by simmering 2 teaspoons of the dried leaves in a litre of water for 10 minutes. Refrigerate and use as needed.

Tansy

'Tanacetum vulgare'

Dry

A non-edible spreading herbaceous perennial with grey-green, finely divided, ferny foliage and heads of yellow, button-like flowers in summer and autumn. It grows to a height of 1m. It spreads out by means of creeping roots and can become quite large over time. Frost hardy. It has a pleasant aroma for the garden. The flowers attract beneficial insects such as ladybirds, hoverflies and lacewings.

Tarragon - French

'Artemisia dracunculus'

Dry

The two best culinary varieties grown are French tarragon and Mexican tarragon. French tarragon is a perennial herb that spreads by rhizomes or underground stems, sending up erect stems to a height of 40-50cm or more. It dies down over winter and regenerates in spring. Tarragon needs to be replanted every few years as plants lose their vigour over time. The Mexican tarragon reaches 90cm in height and is said to be the best substitute for French tarragon. The flowers attract beneficial insects. Prefers full sun or partial shade.

Culinary uses: With its mild aniseed flavour it goes well with chicken, fish and egg dishes. It is one of the herbs used to flavour Béarnaise sauce.

Thyme - Common

'Thymus vulgaris'

Dry

Thyme is one of the most common of garden herbs, essential for all kitchens. Most thymes are low, creeping plants although Common thyme will grow up to 30cm high. Frost hardy. Best grown in warm dry climates in a full sun position. Light, well-drained soil which is not too acidic is the best type for thymes. Thyme is a classic component of the French bouquet garni.

Culinary uses: Both leaves and flowers can be eaten fresh in salads or used as garnishes or as a flavouring to honey, vinegars, stuffings, butters or teas. Great in casseroles, breads and on pizza. Thyme holds its flavour well so can be added early in the cooking.

Thyme - Creeping 'Doone Valley'

'Thymus serpyllum 'doone valley''

Dry

Edible but used mainly as a ground cover. A mat forming perennial which is frost hardy. It has pink flowers in summer. This ground cover plant is useful in thyme lawns, paths and steps.

Thyme - Creeping 'Magic Carpet'

'Thymus serpyllum 'magic carpet''

Dry

Edible but grown mainly as a ground cover. A mat forming frost hardy perennial. Pink flowers are prolific during summer. Used in Thyme lawns, paths, steps and ground covers.

Thyme - Creeping Crimson

'Thymus serpyllum coccineus'

DRY

Edible but grown mainly for its mat forming habit. A mat forming ground cover perennial thyme. It has crimson pink flowers in summer. Frost hardy. Used in thyme lawns, paths, steps and ground covers.

Thyme - Creeping Orange Peel

'Thymus nitidus'

Dry 

Edible but mainly used for groundcover in lawns, paths and steps. A groundcover perennial with mauve flowers in summer. It has an orange peel fragrance when leaves are crushed. Frost hardy.

Thyme - Creeping White

'Thymus serpyllum ‘albus’'

Dry

Edible but used mainly as a groundcover plant in lawns, paths and steps. This is a mat forming perennial with white flowers in summer.

Thyme - Creeping Wild

'Thymus serpyllum'

Dry

Edible but mainly used for groundcover in paths, lawns and steps. A mat forming perennial which has pink flowers in summer. Frost hardy.

Thyme - Golden

'Thymus serpyllum ‘aureus’'

Dry

Edible but mainly used in groundcover situations. A prostrate, mat forming thyme grown for its golden, aromatic foliage. During spring this hardy perennial herb bears masses of tiny, lavender flowers. Thrives in moist, well-drained soil in a sunny, open position but will tolerate most soils and conditions. Ideal for rockeries, herb gardens and containers, and makes a great groundcover or lawn substitute.

Thyme - Lemon

'Thymus x citriodorus'

Dry

Edible. A perennial low growing plant reaching 20cm high. Frost hardy. It has dark pink flowers in spring. It enhances meals by adding lemon and thyme flavours. Useful in dishes accompanying chicken, fish and vegetables.

Thyme - Pizza

'thymus nummularius'

Dry 

Edible. A spreading perennial low growing plant reaching a height of 25cm. Frost hardy. Will provide a dense groundcover for a dry sunny spot. It has discreet pink flowers. Strong flavoured leaves combine the taste of oregano and thyme. Ideal for many Italian dishes including pizza, pasta and tomatoes.

Thyme - Silver Posy

'Thymus vulgaris 'silver posy''

Dry

Edible but mainly used for groundcover. A spreading perennial reaching a height of 20cm. Frost hardy. A neat groundcover for dry hot spots. It has a mild Common Thyme flavour and so can be used in the same dishes.

Thyme - Turkey

'Thymus 'westmoreland''

Dry

An edible perennial thyme reaching a height of 25cm. Frost hardy. In spring there are masses of mid pink flowers. Thrives in moist, well-drained soil in a sunny, open position. It has the common thyme flavour and therefore can be used in dishes where this flavour is wanted.

Thyme - Wooly

'Thymus languinosus'

Dry

Edible but used for groundcover purposes. An evergreen, mat-forming perennial with small woolly grey-green leaves which are strongly scented when crushed. Small heads of rosy-pink flowers in summer. Useful in rockeries, borders and containers.

Wormwood Tree

'Artemisia arborescens'

Dry

An evergreen shrub which reaches 2m in height and about 1m wide. Frost hardy. Used in gardens as a colour contrast as it has brilliant metallic silver foliage. It can be used as a hedge. These plants are very tolerant of summer droughts. Full sun is essential and in an open position with well-drained soil. A strong infusion of the leaves sprayed onto vegetables or ornamentals repels caterpillars and snails; just having the plants nearby will drive some pests away. Repels clothes moths. Prune regularly to keep its shape.

Medicinal uses: Different parts of different types of wormwood have various medicinal uses but do not take any of these herbs without the supervision of a trained herbalist.