Citrus

Please check for seasonality and availability of citrus by giving us a calling, e-mailing or visiting the Nursery.

 

 

citrusCitrus are ornamental as well as practical. Not only a beautifully compact tree with glossy green foliage, year around and beautiful scented flowers, citrus will also provide excellent edible fruit. All varieties ripen slowly and can be harvested at leisure over some months. Making citrus, a must for every back yard.

 

Citrus are generally slow growing tree, requiring a sunning position and frost protection, though most citrus will tolerate light frost. Preferably also a position that is well protected from strong cooling winds.  Citrus have a relatively shallow root system and preferred a light, well drainage soil.

 

Heynes stock a range of citrus trees which include: Cumquats, Grapefruit, Lemons, Limes, Mandarins and Oranges. The range also included dwarf citrus varieties.

 

 

Cumquat

CumquatGreen: Main crop in winter, with fruit several times a year, produces orange round fruit, prolific bearer, and very colorful tree when fruit is ripe.

Nagami: Fruit ripens mid to late winter and always crops heavily.  Oval shaped fruit, sweet of the cumquats. Unlike like other cumquats Nagami fruit can be eaten whole, skin and all. Flesh can be quite sour, but skin has a sweeter flavor, when eaten together is very refreshing. Dwarf in nature, making it idea for pots.

Mertifolia: Deep dark green shiny foliage with small pointed leaves, yellow to orange fruit, highly ornamental upright growth, with fruit that turns bright orange when ripe, but fruit is too sour to be eaten fresh.  Mertifolia is best grown in a warm protected position.

Dwarf Citrus

lemonDwarf citrus trees, will still produce full size fruit of top quality and quantity. Dwarf citrus are great for growing in pots or in small back yards where there is limited space.

 

Varieties:

Lemons

Limes

Oranges

Mandarins

Eureka Dwarf

Lisbon Dwarf

Meyer Dwarf

Tahitian dwarf

Kaffir Dwarf

Washington Navel Dwarf

Valencia Dwarf

Emperor Dwarf

Imperial Dwarf

 

 

Grapefruit

grapefruiteMarsh: Consistent a heavy bearer, fruit matures over autumn and winter.Large, round fruit, with is thin-skinned. Pale to light yellow at maturity, with a smooth and even surface. It has few or no seedless and holds very well on the tree. Gowns very well in hot climates, in cooler climates the fruit tends to be thick skinned.

Ruby Red: Matures over autumn, this grapefruit is oblong is shape and has deep pink pigmentation in the rind and flesh, especially when ripe.

Wheeny: Earlier maturing than other grapefruit varieties, fruit ripping over autumn. Fruit develops very good flavor (Lemon like) and juice content, thin skin and but is very seedy. Grows well in cooler climates and more tolerate of cooler conditions then other grapefruit.

Lemons

lemons2Eureka: Ever bearing, matures most of the year, produces main crop during autumn-winter, but carry number of small crops during summer-autumn months. Produces medium to large juicy fruit with few seeds, also holds well on tree.Few thorns, has a moderate, open growth about 4m.

Lisbon: Main crop is produce in the autumn-winter months, can give year round supplies. Hold well on tree and produces large fruit withsmooth yellow thin rind, with a true lemon zest flavour.  A medium size tree about 3-4m, vigorous grower and quite thorny.

Meyer: Maturing over the Autumn-Winter months. Fruit is pale orange in colour when mature and round than most lemons. Sweet lemon, skin lacks the “lemon zest” flavour. It is fairly frost hardy and cold tolerance, ideal cooler climate lemon. The tree is small to medium in size making it ideal for growing in pots.

Thornless: Similar to the Eureka in growing habits, the difference is the fruit has a smooth skin, also when fruit is left on tree the skin remains finer than the Eureka.

Lemonade: Main crops mature July/August. With careful pruning and feeding small summer crop is possible. Fruitcontains few seeds, looks like a lemon but is segments in a mandarin fashion. The flavour is described as “lemonade like”, very mild can be eaten straight from the tree. Tree growth is vigorous and attractive.

Limes

limesKaffir: Fruit is very irregular and bumpy. When ripe it has a thick yellow-greenish rind.Flesh is sour and slightly bitter. The leaves have lemony flavour and appetising aroma.Leaves (Fresh or dried) and fruit (zest and juice) can be used in cooking, particularly popular for Thai and Asian recipes. The leaves are quite different in appearance to other citrus, appearing like two leaves joined together. The Kaffir lime grows about 3m, shrub like habit, very thorny tree.

Tahitian: Produces one main crop in winter, will produce some fruit all year round in warm areas.Medium sized fruit, which is relatively seedless, has thin rind and smooth surface maturing to pale lemon-yellow. Harvest fruit while still green. True acid limeflavour, ideal for cooking and for refreshing drinks.  Medium sized tree, nearly thornless.

West Indian: Fruit develops all year round. The fruit is very small, round, moderately seedy and juicy. The flavour is acidic with a distinctive lime aroma. Small to medium sized bushy tree, with slender thorny branches.This lime is very cold sensitive, so must have warm and well produced site. 

Sublime: A good fruiting variety, producing fruit small fruit. A Compact and virtually thornless lime, 'Sublime' is perfect for pots only growing to 1.5m tall. Also makes an idea hedge, with aroma foliage.

Mandarins

Emperor: Matures Mid-season, late May to early July.  Good flavour mandarin, slow to colour and doesn’t achieve full colour on the tree until the middle or latter part of its life. Medium to large fruit with a loose skin and easily peeled.

Imperial: Matures late April to early May, products small to medium sized fruit, with few seeds and is easy peeling with fine thin skin. The flesh is juicy and sweet, an aromatic tangy flavour. Thinning needed in heavy crop years.

Japanese Seedless: Early season, ripens in May, near the same time as the Imperial.  Sweet flavour mandarin with large juicy seedless fruit with loose puffy skin and is easy to peel.

Oranges

oranges

Cara Cara Red Navel: Is an early to mid-season orange early April, matures slightly earlier than the Washington Navel. Sweet and low in acid flavour, produces medium to large seedless fruit with deep rosy flesh. Temperature can alter the fruit color.

Washington Navel: Ripens early to late April to early May, the season can extends to end of September to early October. Oranges are medium to large, round, deep orange in colour, with slightly rough easy peeling skin and seedless flesh.  Best know eating orange and the riches and sweetest of the orange also good for juice.

Valencia: Has a very long ripping period, over the spring and summer.  The Valencia is a seeded orange; it is the best juicing orange, providing deep-orange juice. Fruit is of medium size of good colour, has thin skin and lots of juice. The Valencia is a large vigorous tree up to 6m, and is the most frost hardy of the oranges.

Seedless Valencia is very similar but with few seeds and fruit matures earlier than Valencia.

Blood Orange: Ripens Mid-Season, over the summer months.  The blood orange is a great eating orange, with a sweet and distinctive flavour. Produces orange round fruit with pink/red flesh and seedy. Colour is best developed in warm areas.  Fruit may lack red flesh colour, when grown in mild climates.

T.O.C (Toc Summer Navel): Is a late holding navel and crops well into summer. Fruit is round, medium to large in sized with a thin skin, excellent sweet flavour and very juicy.

Aloe Vera

'Aloe vera'

Dry

Non-edible. Succulent perennial which grows to about 60cm both high and wide. Prefers full sun and good drainage. Growth will be slower if plant kept indoors. Not frost tolerant. Said to be have been used in herbal medicine for 5000 years.

Medicinal uses: The juice of the leaves can be applied directly to the skin to help relieve pain of burns, sunburn and insect bites.

Arthritis Herb - 'Gotu Kola'

'Centella asiatica'

Wet

Spreading evergreen perennial to a height of 10cm. Frost Hardy. Likes a boggy spot with some shade so is great to plant around ponds. They can be quite bitter especially if grown in the sun, and can be added to a sandwiches, or in soups or curries.

Medicinal uses: Take 1 or 2 40cm leaves daily to aid in the temporary relief of arthritis. Edible in small amounts only. Always consult with your medical practitioner.

Artichoke Globe

'Cynara scolymus'

Fertilise

Clump forming perennial with deeply cut grey/green leaves which can grow to 1m or more in a sunny position. Frost hardy. Plants will bear fruit for 3-4 years after which they should be divided and replanted.

Culinary uses: Pick unopened flower heads when still tight and tender. These can be boiled, baked, fried or marinated. 

Medicinal uses: Said to repair damaged liver cells and aid poor digestion.

Asparagus

'Asparagus officinalis'

Fertilise

Perennial with creeping rhizomes growing up to 1.4m. Frost tolerant. Plant dies down each winter to produce new shoots in spring. Prefers a deep well-drained and manured soil. Young shoots/spears appear in spring and can crop for 3 months. It is best not to pick the spears for the first couple of years so the plant can develop a strong root system. Once established plants can live up to 20 years.

Culinary uses:Asparagus can be steamed, blanched, roasted, fried or are even delicious raw.

Basil - Bush

'Ocimum minimum'

Fertilise

A bushy annual plant reaching 50cm high. Frost tender. Leaves have cinnamon, clove and aniseed aromas. It has a milder flavour than Sweet Basil but can be used in the same dishes as sweet basil. Due to its compact size it is ideal for pots.

Basil - Green Ruffles

'Ocimum 'green ruffles''

Fertilise

An annual herb reaching 60cm. Frost tender. This highly decorative large leaved variety is great in salads and as a landscape plant. It has a mild 'Sweet Basil' flavour with aniseed and mint tones.

Basil - Lemon

'Ocimum species'

Fertilise

An annual form of basil reaching 50cm high. Frost tender. This is a new variety of basil with much stronger flavour and growth.

Culinary uses: Use with fish, Asian food and herbal tea.

Basil - Perennial

'Ocimum spp'

Fertilise

A perennial form of basil reaching 120cm high. Hardy to light frost. Prefers a position in the full sun to partial shade with winter warmth. It can be used in the same dishes as sweet basil but it has more of a cinnamon overtone to the flavour. Prune back in summer if needed.

Basil - Pesto

'Ocimum basilicum'

Fertilise

An annual basil reaching 80cm. Frost tender. Prefers full sun to partial shade. This is the best form of Sweet Basil for pesto sauce. Add at the last moment as it quickly loses its flavour when cooked.

Basil - Purple Ruffles

'Ocimum ‘purple ruffles’'

Fertilise

An annual basil reaching 70cm. Frost tender. This basil has striking frilly leafed purple foliage so it makes a great contrast plant in the herb garden. Prefers a protected position in the full sun or partial shade. It has Sweet Basil and cinnamon flavoured leaves and makes an interesting addition to a salad or stir fry.

Basil - Red Rubin

'Ocimum ‘red rubin’'

Fertilise

An annual basil with reddish-purple leaves to 40cm high. Frost tender. It is a stronger tasting basil than the sweet but likes the same conditions as the Sweet Basil. It is the best flavoured purple leaf basil.

Culinary uses: As the leaves turn green when cooked, it is best used fresh as a garnish.

Basil - Sacred/Holy

'Ocimum tenuiflorum, o.sanctum'

Fertilise

An annual basil reaching 50cm. Frost tender. Holy basil has a very rich history and is considered a sacred plant by the Hindus. It requires the same conditions as 'Sweet Basil'. The flowers are highly fragrant and hint of cloves and cinnamon. Add leaves sparingly to salads.

Medicinal uses: Holy Basil is said to have powerful antioxidant properties as well as being anti-fungal, anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory. It may help with certain conditions including stress, indigestion, inflammation and colds to name a few. It is used in Ayurvedic medicine, but the scientific evidence to back up the claims is scarce and mostly anecdotal. Holy Basil should not be consumed when pregnant, have bleeding disorders or about to have surgery.

Basil - Spicy Globe

'Ocimum 'spicy globe''

Fertilise

An annual basil reaching 30cm high. Frost tender. It forms a 30cm ball of foliage which can be quite a decorative plant suitable for a pot or in the herb garden. A versatile basil that can be used in a wide range of cuisines. 

Subcategories

Herbs

herbsHerbs have been grown for many thousands of years and used as remedies, preserving food, dyeing, as repellents, purifying the air and of course in cooking.

We have listed the Herb plants that we attempt to keep in stock but due to seasonal conditions, some may be temporarily unavailable. These lists are intended to be fairly comprehensive, however some other varieties are available on occasions and may not be listed below. Remember always seek advice from your medical professional before taking a plant for medicinal purposes.