A fast growing, spreading perennial plant which can reach almost 2 metres in height. It can be an extremely invasive plant and has been declared a noxious weed in some areas. Frost hardy. Prefers full sun.
Finely chopped leaves will add an aniseed flavour to many dishes including pasta, fish and potato. Also can be added to vinegars. The fleshy, white base is eaten raw or cooked.
Medicinal uses: All parts of fennel are said to be beneficial to the digestion, good for the eyes and a mild appetite suppressant. Tea made from the seeds is a mild laxative and chewing the seeds freshens the breath.