Category: This month’s fact sheet

Cymbidium Orchids 05

Cymbidium Orchids

cymbidium colors1

Cymbidiums are easy to grow and readily available in the temperate regions of Australia. Their spectacular long lasting blooms can occur from May through to December and make an excellent gift or display for indoors.  There are a wide selection of colours available and a range of habits such as upright or pendulous and even the number of flowers on each spike. The life span of flowers can be anywhere from 4 – 12 weeks and up to 3 weeks as a cut flower.

Growing Conditions

Providing a few basic conditions are met Cymbidiums do well in our temperate climate. A lot of growers provide shade houses to protect their orchids from the summer sun or winter frost and hail. 50% shade cloth is suitable, although some further shade may be needed in extreme temperatures. Place the orchids on raised benches with gravel underneath. This helps provide the humidity that orchids enjoy in summer. If you have only one or two plants or don’t have room for a shade house, placing under a deciduous tree also works well as long all the other growing conditions are met.

Cymbidium Orchids 02If you have a large collection of orchids an overhead sprinkler system helps maintain your orchids in peak condition. For smaller collections hand watering is adequate and also helps you monitor your plants health. Space your plants to receive maximum light and air flow.

One of the main reasons for lack of flowering in cymbidiums is not enough sunlight. When there is enough light the leaves tend to be a golden green rather than a darker green which indicates not enough light. Plants can be placed out in the winter sunshine being careful to protect them from frosts and watch out for snails and slugs that love the developing flower spikes. The more light the plants receive the sturdier the spikes and blooms will be. Make sure you stake the spikes and face towards the strongest light source.

Potting Mix and Repotting 

Cymbidium Orchids 01Cymbidiums are semi-terrestrial with fleshy roots therefore the potting medium needs to be free draining, but also able to hold moisture to nourish and support the plant.  Heynes sell a range of good quality potting mixes to suit your needs.

The best time to repot your Cymbidiums is just after flowering has finished. This gives them a long growing season before next years flowering. Small plants can be repotted most of the year, avoiding times of extreme heat. Cymbidiums do best when potted with room for one or two years growth. Plants will not thrive if potted in too big a pot. Repotting can be done every 2-4 years depending on growth.

Before repotting your plants carefully untangle the root system shaking off all the old potting mix. Large plants with extensive root systems can have the bottom quarter of the roots cut off making it easier to untangle the roots with minimal damage. Remove any shrivelled dead roots. Try to keep each division to 3-4 bulbs with leaves on them. This will give you the best chance of flowering next year. If your new divisions throw up multiple growths, remove all but one to allow for maximum bulb development and better flowering.

Cymbidium Orchids 05Back bulbs, which are the old leafless bulbs, can be removed, cleaned up and planted in small pots to produce new plants. New growth should be seen anywhere from 3-6 months.  It takes about 4 years for these new plants to flower so patience and space is needed if you choose to go down this path. Some sources suggest leaving an old back bulb on your divisions for better flowering.

Your newly potted plants will need some extra shelter for a few weeks before returning to their usual growing position.


Cymbidium Orchids 04Cymbidiums need to watered well during the warm weather and also kept evenly moist throughout the cooler months. Orchids left to dry out will most likely survive but will not flower well, if at all the following season. Rainwater is preferable as you will get less leaf burn, but Adelaide’s saline water is perfectly acceptable. When using tap water be sure to water each pot several times to flush out all the salts that can accumulate at the bottom of the pot. Even if you can occasionally collect rainwater to flush out the salts, this will benefit your plants. Don’t forget to group pots according to their size for ease of watering. Small pots will dry out quicker than larger pots. Water on the flowers can greatly affect the quality of the blooms so it is a good idea to put your orchids under cover or inside when flowering.


Cymbidium Orchids 06To get the best from your cymbidiums apply a slow release fertiliser suitable for orchids in spring. From spring through to may you can use liquid fertilisers such as Thrive Orchid Liquid Plant Food or Manutec Orchid Bloom booster while spikes are forming. At other times of the year you can use Manutec Orchid Food.  Alternating with organic fertilisers such as Powerfeed or Charlie carp at any time of the year should give great results. There are many different views on fertilising which you may want to explore, choosing the routine that gives the best results. Watering mid to late afternoon in the hot weather decreases the temperature of the plant which can encourage flowering.







Please check for seasonality and availability of Rose varieties by giving us a call, e-mailing or visiting the Nursery.

Mister Lincoln hybird tea

Roses are a must for any garden lover who has a sunny spot in the garden and Heynes Garden Centre has a large selection for you to choose from.

Roses can be planted at any time of the year providing that stock is still available at the time you need them. However the winter months are still the best time to select from a larger range of roses.Whether you choose bare rooted or container plants make sure that they have strong green canes.

BARE ROOTED ROSES (Winter Planting Only)

Roses that are for sale as “bare rooted” come in bags with the roots surrounded in damp sawdust/potting mix. The roses are dormant, they have no leaves or flowers and are only available in winter (June/July). When selecting bare rooted roses make sure that both the bud union and the stems are healthy and strong. There should be no withered dry stems or long, soft, yellow shoots appearing along the branches.

Roses growing in pots are available for sale all year round and are actively growing with leaves and possibly flowers. Roses grown in containers can be planted at any time of the year providing that the weather is not extreme (hot), however it is important to take care of the rose according to the season it is planted. 


hybird tea

Heynes stock a wide range of roses which include: Hybrid tea, Floribunda, Standard, Climbing, Miniature, Weeping Standards, Groundcovers, David Austin Roses and Delbard Roses.

Hybrid Tea Roses
The most commonly grown rose. Large flowers are borne singularly to a stem, they are supported by long, straight and upright stems. Great for cut flowers. Usually about 1.5m to 2.0m, and up to 1.5m width. 

Floribunda or Cluster Flowered Roses
Small to medium size blooms (Flowers) come in clusters; ideal for massed planting effect. 1m to 2m tall and 1m width.

Standard or Stem Roses

Hybrid Tea, Floribundas, Shrubs or Miniatures are budded onto a single stem of a standard height. Heynes stock 3ft or 900mm tall standards. The rose grows to its usual height on top of the stem. Standard roses give height and allow easy under-planting.

Climbing, Rambling Roses

Long climbing canes, used on walls, fences, pillars and posts, trellises, entrance ways or over an arch. Ramblers are usually only spring flowering, where most climbers repeat their flowers from spring to late autumn.

Miniature Roses

Miniature Roses are roses on a small scale. Miniature roses are great in containers, make lovely borders. Miniatures are grown on their own roots, and come in a range of colours.

freisia floribunda

Weeping Standards

Weeping Pink

Budded onto single 1.5m to 2m tall stem, flowering canes cascade downwards. Making a great specimen plant. Will need rose ring for support.

Ground Covers

Easy and hardy plant. Low spreading plants to 50cm in height. Small flowers in great numbers. 

David Austin Roses 

David Austin, combine the form of flower, fragrance and character of an old rose with the range of colour and repeat flowering characteristics of modern hybrid tea rose and floribunda rose. Height and spread vary enormously.

Delbard Roses

Roses in this collection are intense and individual. Healthy, exquisitely different, delightfully fragrant and free-flowering and variable splashes of colour.


See our BAREROOT LIST for rose variety Heynes stock in winter.

sweet juliet david autinRed Intuition Delbards


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Mar 20, 2018 - Tue
Adelaide, AU
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