Category: Plant List - page 2

RUE – Ruta graveolens

Dry

A non-edible rounded shrubby perennial which can reach about 60cms tall with beautiful silver blue foliage and contrasting yellow flowers in summer and autumn. Frost hardy. In cooler areas where summers are mild, full sun is essential however in warmer areas rue will tolerate some but not full shade. The foliage may cause skin rash on sensitive skin. An insect repellent for use on ornamental plants can be made from the leaves, or used in potpourri to put in cupboards and drawers. Rue has a herbal aroma which will drift through the garden on hot days and is said to be disliked by cats.

ROSEMARY – Rosmarinus officinalis

Dry

A frost hardy perennial. There are several varieties of this woody shrub with thin needle-like leaves and pink, white, light or dark blue flowers. They range in habit from upright, dwarf and semi-prostrate, with heights varying from 50cms to 2ms. Rosemary prefers full sun and a reasonably dry position with well-drained soil to lessen the risk of root rot. It is a good plant to grow in seaside positions as it will tolerate salt and wind. Fresh, dried or frozen leaves are used in cooking, marinades and salad dressings. Leaves are used in vinegars, oils, teas and butters. Goes particularly well with lamb and goat. Fresh flowers are good in salads or as decorations for puddings and desserts. It is used in potpourris and herb wreaths. Rosemary is a symbol of remembrance.

Medicinal uses: High in antioxidants, vitamin E, aids digestion and relaxation.

ROCKET SALAD – Eruca sativa

Fertilise

An annual plant growing to a height of 40cm. Grows in full sun to partly shaded position in summer. Likes a fertile, well-drained soil enriched with rotted manure or compost. Start picking young leaves about five weeks after seedlings have emerged, sooner in summer when growth is faster. Young leaves give green salads an appealing piquancy or add them late to stir fries. Flowers and ripe seed pods are also edible.

RADICCHIO – Cichorium intybus

Fertilise

A frost hardy perennial leafy plant which reaches 30cm in height. Harvest year round leaf by leaf. The leaves are bitter flavoured and are mainly used in salads. They provide some colour contrast in salads as they have bronze colouring.

PARSLEY CURLY – Petroselinum crispum var crispum

Fertilise

A biennial plant which grows to a height of 30cm. Frost hardy. Prefers a rich, moist soil in full to partial sun. To promote more leaf growth fertilize with a nitrogen rich liquid fertilizer. Parsley can be kept productive by frequent pruning and removal of flower stems. Can be grown in a pot. Parsley can be used in salads, as a garnish and in cooking in general. It can be frozen for up to 6 months.

OREGANO COMMON – Origanum vulgare

Dry

A spreading perennial which grows to a height of 45cm.Often referred to as common or wild oregano it is very closely related to marjoram. It has pink flowers in summer. Prefers full sun or partial shade. Frost hardy. Can be used as a tough ground cover. Widely used as a flavouring, especially in Mediterranean style cooking. Use in sauces, soups and casseroles, as well as in vinegars and butters.

ONION SPRING – Allium cepa

Fertilise

Spreading frost hardy perennial with slender stems reaching 45cm high. Sunny position with summer watering. Can be grown in pots. The slender green stems are similar to onions but with a milder flavour.
Use in a wide range of dishes from stir fries, sauces, salad dressings, pasta and Asian dishes.

NASTURTIUM ALASKA – Tropaeolum majus ‘Alaska’

Fertilise

A self-seeding annual with a non-trailing habit to 35cms. This variety has variegated leaves and a range of flower colours from yellow to red. Frost hardy. All parts of this herb are edible. Fresh flowers and leaves are used in salads, vinaigrettes, oils or the flowers alone can be used as a garnish. They have a warm peppery flavour similar to water cress.

MINT VIETNAMESE/LAKSA – Persicaria odorata

Wet

A perennial herb up to 30cms which prefers warm moist conditions. It is not related to Mint, but is in fact in an entirely different family. The leaf is commonly associated with Vietnamese food, especially salads, soups and cold rolls. Needs to be kept drier during the cooler months.

MINT SPEARMINT – Mentha spicata

Wet

Spreading perennial growing to a height of 60cm. Frost hardy. Used in dishes including lamb, vegetable, desserts. Garnish for desserts, salads and cocktails. Also used in herbal tea, this can also be added to chilled soda water for a refreshing summer drink.

MINT PEPPERMINT – Mentha x piperita

Wet

Spreading perennial growing to a height of 20cm. Frost hardy. Used to make one of the most popular herbal teas. Steep 1 or 2 sprigs in boiled water for 3-5 minutes. Great used in chocolate based desserts.

Medicinal uses: Said to aid digestion.

MINT MENTHOL – Mentha arvensis var. piperascens

Wet

Spreading perennial which grows to 60cm high. Frost hardy. Very strong aroma.

Medicinal uses: To clear nasal congestion make an infusion with the leaves, throw a towel over your head and inhale the warm vapours. The tea can be sipped for temporary relief of indigestion, flatulence and nausea.

MINT CORSICAN – Mentha requienii

Wet

Prostrate spreading perennial which grows to a height of 1.5cm. It is often used as a ground cover for moist, shady positions, pathways and steps. Frost hardy. It does not like to dry out. Corsican mint has a strong peppermint scent.

MINT COMMON – Mentha viridis

Wet

Height 45cm. Frost hardy. Frequent pruning of the stems forces lateral branching and healthier plants. This is the most commonly used mint and has an intensely sweet mint flavour. Young, fresh leaves can be picked at any time remembering that the younger the leaf the tastier it will be. Mint can be used a wide range of dishes from sauces, salads, drinks, vinegars or as a garnish to vegetables.

MINT BASIL – Mentha sp

Wet

A spreading perennial growing to a height of 45cm. Frost hardy. Vaguely similar in flavour to sweet basil so partners well with other strong flavoured herbs. Used in winter as a basil substitute. Can be added to soups, fish, vegetables, salad dressing, marinades and sauces.

MINT APPLE – Mentha suaveolens

Wet

A spreading perennial to 35cms. A superior flavoured mint with hairy leaves which makes it less desirable to use as a garnish. Can be used in sauces, desserts cocktails and teas. There is also a variegated variety which has a sweet fruity fragrance but is less vigorous.

MINT

Wet

Mints are a wonderful fragrant perennial herb to add to your garden. They mostly prefer sun to part shade in summer, and soil that is rich and moist. They can be quite invasive, so are best planted in pots, but must have plenty of water to survive the summer months. There is quite a large range available to grow.

MARJORAM SWEET – Origanum majorana

Dry

A perennial herb to 60cm. Prefers a sunny position especially in winter as it does not like the cold. Can be substituted for mild oregano in cooking. It is often used in bouquet garni. Sweeter and milder than its relative oregano, leaves can be used with meat, stews, Italian dishes, to name a few. Often used to flavour vinegars and oils. Dried, it makes a refreshing herbal tea.

LOVAGE – Levisticum officinalis

Fertilise

A very tall perennial herb that can reach 1m in height. Frost hardy. Lovage may die back over winter but will regenerate in spring. Prefers full sun or partial shade. Leaves, stems and seeds are substitutes for celery. The leaves and stems can be used in salads and the leaves and dried seeds can be used in soups, casseroles, sauces and pickling mixtures. Lovage is also used in teas, vinegars and butters.

LEMON VERBENA – Aloysia triphylla

Dry

A beautiful lemon scented shrub which can grow to about 2m in height. Frost hardy. Prefers a sheltered, sunny position as it does not like the cold. Can become a bit straggly, but prune well in spring to encourage bushy growth. Delicate white flowers in summer. Leaves can be used to flavour drinks and jellies, salad dressing or in stuffing for poultry.

Medicinal uses: Dried leaves can be used for herbal tea to help relieve fever, cold symptoms and indigestion. The leaves can also be used in potpourris and sachet fillings.

LEMON GRASS – Cymbopogon citratus

Fertilise

Clumping grass-like perennial reaching about 1m in height, preferring a sunny well-drained position with good summer watering. May die down in winter but should bounce back in spring after a good prune. Base of leaves is used extensively in Asian cooking.

Medicinal uses: The lemony flavour of the leaves is used in herbal teas to relieve stress, digestive problems and minor fevers.

LEMON BALM MELISSA – Melissa officinalis

Wet

A spreading lemon scented perennial growing to a height of 60cm. Frost and cold sensitive, the plant may die back in winter but should regenerate in spring. Prefers full sun or partial shade in rich, moist soil and loves to be cut back. Pick fresh leaves as required but best flavour is in spring. Fresh leaves and flowers are used in salads, cool summer drinks and the leaves are used in stuffings and sauces for poultry and fish.

Medicinal uses: Lemon balm herbal teas are pleasant flavoured and calming, and help improve digestion. The dried flowers and leaves can be added to potpourri and herb pillows.