Category: Fruiting & Edible

Herbs

herbsHerbs have been grown for many thousands of years and used as remedies, preserving food, dyeing, as repellents, purifying the air and of course in cooking.

We have listed the Herb plants that we attempt to keep in stock but due to seasonal conditions, some may be temporarily unavailable. These lists are intended to be fairly comprehensive, however some other varieties are available on occasions and may not be listed below. Remember always seek advice from your medical professional before taking a plant for medicinal purposes.

Button Squash

SquashButton Squash, are small vegetables, although available in other colours, the most common are the pale green and bright yellow ones. They are a great source of Vitamin C and the whole vegetable is eaten when cooked, including the skin and seeds. They have a delicious mild creamy flavour.

Button Squash are related to zucchini, pumpkins and melons and like these they grow on a vine with large leaves which shade their fruit from the hot sun. Vines will trail across the ground or climb a trellis if one is available.

CARE AND MAINTENANCE 

Squash like a sunny position, at least six hours of sun. Before planting prepare the bed by digging in some compost and some Blood and Bone, Dynamic lifter or Rapid Raiser.  Plant seedlings about 60cm apart, this will allow room for the vines to spread.  If there is not much space, it’s best to provide the squash with a trellis or fences for the vine to grow over. If room is at a premium button squash can always be grown in a large pot, just make sure there is scope for the vine to spill over the edge and always use a premium potting mix. Water as required, remember that Button Squash like to be kept moist. If leaves start to go a little yellow fertilise.

HARVESTING

Button Squash are a summer squash and as such should be picked when under-ripe because if left on the vine too long they become very tough.  Harvest when 5-10cm in diameter also picking the fruit will encourage new squash to grow.  Store them unwashed in a plastic bag in the fridge, as a summer squash they don’t have a long shelf life.

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TOMATOES

Please check for availability of tomatoes by giving us a calling, e-mailing or visiting the Nursery.

tomatoes 1

APOLLO IMPROVED – Produces crops of smooth, round fruit of a medium size. Early to mid-season variety that requires staking.

BEEFSTEAK AND BIG BEEF – These varieties produce large flat, globe shaped fruit. Staking required.beef steak tomatoe

BLACK RUSSIAN (HEIRLOOM) – Produces round, smooth fruit with a creamy texture and an unusual dark plum colouring.

BURKE’S BACKYARD – Voted Best Home Garden Tomato by a panel of food and gardening experts. An early fruiting and tall growing variety requiring staking, which bears large and juicy tomatoes in abundance. Single plants can be grown in large pots or containers. Note: this variety may lack some disease resistance in South Australia.

BURNLEY BOUNTY – Vigorous and tall growing plant requiring staking. Produces green shouldered globe shaped fruit of a medium size. Late season tomato.

COCKTAIL – A vigorous plant that has tasty golf ball size fruit. Tomatoes are produced in abundance per truss, which are best picked when fully ripen.

FIRST PRIZE – Very sturdy and compact plant suitable for tubs. Produces round to oblate fruit of small to medium size.

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NEW RELEASE STRAWBERRIES

For something a bit different why not try “Berry United” a new and innovative range of yummy strawberries. This rang currently consists of three new yummy varieties.

straberry1Pineberry Strawberry is a hybrid cross variety with fragrant, white flesh fruit, with red seeds and white blooms. With flavour notes of strawberry and pineapple, best when consumed cold. When grown in full sun, fruit may have a blush. PINEBERRY NEEDS A POLLINATOR TO PRODUCE FRUIT. Any RED strawberry will act as a pollinator for this variety.

strawberry2Strasberry strawberry produces plump, juicy deep seeded fruit. Has a raspberry like appearance, it is a sweet tasting, hardy strawberry with a mild, raspberry flavour. STRASBERRY NEEDS A POLLINATOR TO PRODUCE FRUIT. Any RED strawberry will act as a pollinator for this variety.

strawberry3Bubbleberry strawberry is a high yielding, heirloom variety with fragrant, soft pink uites. Sweet tasting in flavour with a bubble gum/ berry nixed undertone. BUBBLEBERRY does not need a pollinator but may produce better when grown with a red strawberry. BUBBLEBERRY can act as a pollinator for STRASBERRY and PINEBERRY.

WORMWOOD TREE – Artemisia arborescens

Dry

An evergreen shrub which reaches 2m in height and about 1m wide. Frost hardy. Used in gardens as a colour contrast as it has brilliant metallic silver foliage. It can be used as a hedge. These plants are very tolerant of summer droughts. Full sun is essential and in an open position with well-drained soil. A strong infusion of the leaves sprayed onto vegetables or ornamentals repels caterpillars and snails; just having the plants nearby will drive some pests away. Repels clothes moths. Prune regularly to keep its shape.

Medicinal uses: Different parts of different types of wormwood have various medicinal uses but do not take any of these herbs without the supervision of a trained herbalist.

THYME WOOLY – Thymus languinosus

Dry

Edible but used for groundcover purposes. An evergreen, mat-forming perennial with small woolly grey-green leaves which are strongly scented when crushed. Small heads of rosy-pink flowers in summer. Useful in rockeries, borders and containers.

THYME TURKEY – Thymus ‘Westmoreland’

Dry

An edible perennial thyme reaching a height of 25cm. Frost hardy. In spring there are masses of mid pink flowers. Thrives in moist, well-drained soil in a sunny, open position. It has the common thyme flavour and therefore can be used in dishes where this flavour is wanted.

THYME PIZZA – Thymus nummularius

Dry 

Edible. A spreading perennial low growing plant reaching a height of 25cm. Frost hardy. Will provide a dense groundcover for a dry sunny spot. It has discreet pink flowers. Strong flavoured leaves combine the taste of oregano and thyme. Ideal for many Italian dishes including pizza, pasta and tomatoes.

THYME GOLDEN – Thymus serpyllum ‘Aureus’

Dry

Edible but mainly used in groundcover situations. A prostrate, mat forming thyme grown for its golden, aromatic foliage. During spring this hardy perennial herb bears masses of tiny, lavender flowers. Thrives in moist, well-drained soil in a sunny, open position but will tolerate most soils and conditions. Ideal for rockeries, herb gardens and containers, and makes a great groundcover or lawn substitute.

THYME COMMON – Thymus vulgaris

Dry

Thyme is one of the most common of garden herbs, essential for all kitchens. Most thymes are low, creeping plants although Common thyme will grow up to 30cm high. Frost hardy. Best grown in warm dry climates in a full sun position. Light, well-drained soil which is not too acidic is the best type for thymes. Thyme is a classic component of the French bouquet garni. Both leaves and flowers can be eaten fresh in salads or used as garnishes or as a flavouring to honey, vinegars, stuffings, butters or teas. Great in casseroles, breads and on pizza. Thyme holds its flavour well so can be added early in the cooking.

TARRAGON FRENCH – Artemisia dracunculus

Dry

The two best culinary varieties grown are French tarragon and Mexican tarragon. French tarragon is a perennial herb that spreads by rhizomes or underground stems, sending up erect stems to a height of 40-50cm or more. It dies down over winter and regenerates in spring. Tarragon needs to be replanted every few years as plants lose their vigour over time. The Mexican tarragon reaches 90cm in height and is said to be the best substitute for French tarragon. The flowers attract beneficial insects. Prefers full sun or partial shade. With its mild aniseed flavour it goes well with chicken, fish and egg dishes. It is one of the herbs used to flavour Béarnaise sauce.

TANSY – Tanacetum vulgare

Dry

A non-edible spreading herbaceous perennial with grey-green, finely divided, ferny foliage and heads of yellow, button-like flowers in summer and autumn. It grows to a height of 1m. It spreads out by means of creeping roots and can become quite large over time. Frost hardy. It has a pleasant aroma for the garden. The flowers attract beneficial insects such as ladybirds, hoverflies and lacewings.

STEVIA- Stevia rebaudiana

Fertilise

A perennial with very sweet foliage which grows to a height of 45cm. Needs to be protected from heavy frosts, although does die back in autumn. The leaves are 30 times sweeter than sugar and have no calories. It can be used in hot or cold drinks or as a sugar substitute in sweet dishes. A syrup can also be made by simmering 2 teaspoons of the dried leaves in a litre of water for 10 minutes. Refrigerate and use as needed.

SPINACH PERPETUAL – Beta vulgaris

Fertilise

A short-lived perennial leafy plant growing to a height of 45cm. Frost hardy. Young leaves can be used in salads, stir fries and as steamed greens. Do not overcook. Harvest regularly to keep your plant growing strongly. High in Iron.

SORREL- Rumex scutatus

Wet

A short-lived perennial reaching a height of 60cm. Frost hardy. It prefers moist, warm climates but grows in cooler regions and tolerates some dryness. Prefers a sun or semi-shade position in well-composted soil. Use the fresh young leaves, which have a lemony flavour, in salads, soups or with fish. The leaves do contain oxalic acid which is fine in small amounts, but avoid if you have a history of kidney stones.

SAVORY – Satureja sp

Dry

There are several types of savory including Winter and Summer. The Winter Savory is perennial but the Summer type is an annual plant which will die off at the end of summer. They prefer to be grown in the full sun in well-drained alkaline soil. Frost hardy. The Winter Savory grows to a height of 25cm and the Summer Savory reaches 30cm. Fresh leaves can be picked at any time for immediate use or for drying. Both have a peppery flavour, but the winter savory is more pungent. Use in casseroles, marinades and dressings. It is also used in herb vinegars and butters.

SANTOLINA – Santolina chamaecyparis

Dry

Non-edible, perennial plant which grows to a height of 40cm. Frost hardy. It has highly reflective aromatic silver foliage which makes it a great contrast plant in the garden. Enjoys a sunny position in well-drained soil. Trim regularly to keep tidy. The leaves can be added to sachets to repel clothes moths.

SAGE PINEAPPLE – Salvia elegans

Dry

Evergreen frost tender shrub with pineapple scented leaves growing to a height of 1.3m. Masses of red flowers from summer to winter. Planting in a raised bed is advisable as this plant doesn’t like wet feet. A well-drained, sunny position in the garden is preferred. Pineapple sage has a fruity flavour which complements fruit salad and cold drinks. Fresh or dried leaves can be used to make a refreshing tea.

SAGE COMMON – Salvia officinalis

Dry

Sage is a small, frost hardy, woody perennial shrub growing to about 90cm. The long, oval, grey-green leaves, velvety in texture, have a slightly bitter, camphor-like taste, while the flowers are purple-blue in colour. Full sun and good drainage are essential for sage as it does not like wet feet. Goes well with other strong herbs such as garlic, rosemary and thyme. Fresh or dried leaves are used extensively as flavouring in stuffing, marinades in vinegars and herb butters.

Medicinal uses: Gargling sage tea is said to give some relief to sore throats.

RUE – Ruta graveolens

Dry

A non-edible rounded shrubby perennial which can reach about 60cms tall with beautiful silver blue foliage and contrasting yellow flowers in summer and autumn. Frost hardy. In cooler areas where summers are mild, full sun is essential however in warmer areas rue will tolerate some but not full shade. The foliage may cause skin rash on sensitive skin. An insect repellent for use on ornamental plants can be made from the leaves, or used in potpourri to put in cupboards and drawers. Rue has a herbal aroma which will drift through the garden on hot days and is said to be disliked by cats.

ROSEMARY – Rosmarinus officinalis

Dry

A frost hardy perennial. There are several varieties of this woody shrub with thin needle-like leaves and pink, white, light or dark blue flowers. They range in habit from upright, dwarf and semi-prostrate, with heights varying from 50cms to 2ms. Rosemary prefers full sun and a reasonably dry position with well-drained soil to lessen the risk of root rot. It is a good plant to grow in seaside positions as it will tolerate salt and wind. Fresh, dried or frozen leaves are used in cooking, marinades and salad dressings. Leaves are used in vinegars, oils, teas and butters. Goes particularly well with lamb and goat. Fresh flowers are good in salads or as decorations for puddings and desserts. It is used in potpourris and herb wreaths. Rosemary is a symbol of remembrance.

Medicinal uses: High in antioxidants, vitamin E, aids digestion and relaxation.

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